KRAs (Key Result Areas)

As a product manager, success is not merely achieved by delivering a great product but also by aligning efforts with the organization’s strategic goals. Key Result Areas (KRAs) are a crucial tool that helps product managers focus on the most critical aspects of their role, measure their performance, and contribute effectively to the overall success of the organization. In this article, we will explore the significance of KRAs, define the concept, delve into its key principles, and discuss the implementation process. Real-world examples will be used to provide practical insights into how KRAs can elevate product management to new heights.

Key Result Areas (KRAs) are specific areas of responsibility within a product manager’s role that directly contribute to achieving the organization’s strategic objectives. They are the core outcomes that a product manager is accountable for delivering, and success is measured based on how well they perform in these areas.

Key Principles

  1. Alignment with Strategic Goals: KRAs should be aligned with the overall strategic goals of the organization. They must directly support the mission and vision of the company.
  2. Clear and Measurable: Each KRA should be well-defined and measurable, allowing for objective assessment of performance and progress.
  3. Limited in Number: To maintain focus and effectiveness, a product manager should have a limited number of KRAs, typically ranging from 3 to 5.

Implementation Process

  1. Identify Strategic Objectives: Product managers work with their superiors and stakeholders to identify the strategic objectives of the organization.
  2. Define KRAs: Based on the identified strategic objectives, product managers define their KRAs that align with the organization’s goals.
  3. Set Performance Metrics: For each KRA, specific performance metrics or Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are established to measure success.

Real-World Examples

  1. Revenue Growth: One of the KRAs for a product manager of a software product might be to achieve a certain percentage of revenue growth within a specific time frame.
  2. Customer Satisfaction: Another KRA for the same product manager could be to improve customer satisfaction ratings by a certain number of points.


Key Result Areas (KRAs) are essential tools for product managers to align their efforts with the organization’s strategic objectives and measure their performance effectively. By following the key principles and defining clear and measurable KRAs, product managers can contribute significantly to the success of their products and the overall success of the organization.